Japanistry Tokyo

Japanese Grammar Guide

The below Japanese grammar guide assumes no prior knowledge of the language beyond the Japanese syllabary—hiragana and katakana. Trace sheets to help you learn the syllables can be found here.

Beginner Grammar


The Foundations

Core Particles

Other Basic Particles

Basic Grammar

From here I will no longer space out words in the sentences and will mix both the polite and standard conjugations in the example sentences.

Verb Conjugations I

Essential Conjunctions


More Complex Structures

Talking About Reasons
Talking About Time-Specific Actions
Describing Things
Comparisons & Making Suggestions
Similarity & Hearsay
Other Key Structures

Additional Uses of the te Form

Verb Conjugations II

Intermediate Grammar


Verbs that Act on Sentence Topics

The meanings of the following structures are varied, but because in many cases they act on the first noun of the sentence the usage difference can become blurred.

Suggestions & Rules

Expressing Conclusions

Inevitability & Obligation
Must & Must Not

The below are more formal ways to express must and must not.





Events & Festivals

Sat 19

Yokohama Minato Mirai Bon Odori 2017

Friday, Aug 18 - Saturday, Aug 19
Sat 19

Shimokitazawa Awa Odori 2017

Friday, Aug 18 - Saturday, Aug 19
Sat 19

Tokyo Summer Sonic 2017

Saturday, Aug 19 - Sunday, Aug 20