JLPT N3. Formal. Typically used only in writing.

における and において you the more formal versions での and で, respectively. They can only take the place of で when the particle is used to mean a “place of action”—it’s most basic usage. In other words, the following is incorrect:

[I commute to work by bicycle]

Political unrest in the Middle East.

The role of the market in the economy is important.

The proposal regarding policy change for social welfare is scheduled for debate in parliament.

における and において would typically be seen in newspapers or formal writing. It would be unnatural to use it in place of で for simple sentences.

Meet up at Tokyo Station.

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