To say something is “too much” or “too small” or that we drank “too much” and so forth, we use the verb ぎる.


For i-adjectives we remove the い and add すぎる.

Too high/expensive.

And because it’s now treated as a verb we can use the te form; however, note that the object still requires the が particle.

The computer was too expensive so I didn’t buy it.
Too scary.
The movie was too scary so I couldn’t watch until the end.

For na-adjectives we just add すぎる without the auxiliary verb or な particle.

Too complicated.
This maths problems is too complicated so I’ll ask the teacher tomorrow.


For verbs we need to use the verb stem.

I drank too much yesterday—my head hurts!
You May Also Like

Japanese Grammar: Causative-Passive Verbs

You’re probably thinking, “What the hell the causative-passive?” All I mean by this are verb structures that combine…

Embedding Questions in Sentences

We embed questions in sentences all the time by making them subordinate to the main clause, e.g. “I…

Basic Japanese Verb Conjugations

There are three different groups of verbs in Japanese—referred to as group 1, 2, and 3 in textbooks.…

Other’s Desires: ~がる

We need to be careful when talking about other people’s emotions or feelings—I’m talking grammatically here. Japanese makes…