We now have two ways of expressing that an action has just taken place. For example, “I’ve just finished eating”.

はんべたところです。
はんべたばかりです。

So what’s the difference? Well, firstly ところ is more flexible because it can be used with the present, present participle, and past tense.

料理りょうりつくるところです。(OK)
料理りょうりつくっているところです。(OK)
料理りょうりつくったところです。(OK)

ばかり, on the other hand, can only be used with the past tense.

料理りょうりつくるばかりです。()
料理りょうりつくっているばかりです。()
料理りょうりつくったばかりです。(OK)

Let’s compare ところ and ばかり when they are used with the past tense. One point to note is that ところ is far more time-specific—emphasising that the action has taken place that moment.

あのデパートができたばかりです。(OK)
That department store has just been completed.
あのデパートができたところです。()
That department store has just been completed.

The sentence with ところ implies that you’ve just seen the final brick being put in place. Because we probably mean that the building has been built recently rather than literally just now we need to use ばかり. In other cases, they can be used interchangeably because either sentence sounds reasonable.

改札機かいさつきたばかりです。(OK)
I’ve just come out of the ticket gates.
改札機かいさつきたところです。(OK)
I’ve just come out of the ticket gates.

Finally, ばかり is often used to imply a reason or explanation for something.

このくつったところです。
I’ve just bought these shoes [factual emphasis on the time].
このくつったばかりです。
I’ve just bought these shoes [that’s why they look new].
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