To express period and frequency—in other words, to say how many times something happened per day, week, and year, and so on—we need the a counter with the target particle. See here for an introduction to counters in Japanese.

【Period】【Number】【Counter】

This structure is most often used with the counter かい, which means “times” (e.g. I go back to my hometown 3 times per year”).

Note the position of the object particle—before the counter.

In fact, the target particle is often omitted.

Too Much: すぎる

To say something is “too much” or “too small” or that we drank “too much” and so forth,…

The Possessive Particle (の)

The particle の is one of the easier particles to learn. Its most basic use is to denote…

Just Finished: 〜たばかり vs 〜たところ

We now have two ways of expressing that an action has just taken place. For example, “I’ve just…

Actions From & Towards

Here we introduce how to express actions from and towards someone or yourself, e.g. “I will have him…