This phrase let’s us say things like, “Out of all my school subjects, I like history the most”. This piece of grammar or sentence structure is practically guaranteed to come up on the JLPT N5 examination.


But first let’s just look at a few examples of 一番 on its own. It means “number one” but used with an adjective it turns it into a superlative.

The fastest/earliest.
The cleverest.
The most expensive.

Using the structure above we can come up with the following sentences.

Out of my classmates, Yumiko is the cleverest.
Of all my school subjects I like mathematics the best.
The coldest winter in memory.

Note that 中 is a kanji you will see often. It means “middle” and the reading on its own is なか.

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