We can make partial lists nouns with the や and など particles, but what about verbs? Similarly to how と resulted in an exhaustive list, the use of the te form to link verbs expresses that you only did the actions described.
|Today I studied, hung out with my friends, and then went shopping.|
In many cases when someone asks us what we did over the weekend we’d reply inferring that among other things we did x, y, and z: “You know, studied a little, met with friends—that sort of thing.” や and など let us create this nuance with nouns. For verbs we use ～たり.
We need to use the past tense of the verb.
|【Verb: Past】り【Verb: Past】り する|
Note that the tense of the sentence is determined by the form of the final “to do” verb at the end.
|Today I studied, hung out with my friends, went shopping and so forth.|
|This weekend I think I’ll meet friends, clean the house, and so on.|
We can also use 〜たり with the negative past tense but this is less common.
|Recently there seem to be many days when it rains on and off.|
We can use 〜たり introduced in the last section with adjectives, as well; although you will more often see it used with verbs. Here it is used to infer changing states between A and B.
The grammatical structure remains the same as for verbs: we need the past tense of the adjective.
|Yusuke||How was work last month?|
|Saori||Sometimes busy, sometimes free.|