The particle から has various grammatical uses but its most basic meaning in Japanese is “from”. Like English, it can be used in reference to a physical place or a point in time, e.g. “take a glass from the cupboard”, “study from 5pm”.
|I will start studying from tomorrow.|
|I will go to the library from home.|
|I received a letter from my friend.|
|I took my wallet out of my bag.|
The particle まで means “until” and can be appended to nouns and the dictionary form of verbs.
|I’ll take the teacher’s seminar until March next year|
|Everyday from 6 o’clock to 8 o’clock I read the newspaper.|
You can also add まで to the standard form of the verb (“until I do something”). You cannot do this with から as you will see later.
|I won’t hang out with my friend until I’ve memorised this kanji.|
|I will wait until my mother returns home.|
Note how in the last example sentence the が particle was used. This links “mother” to the verb “return home” so it’s clear that she is not the one waiting.
If we add a に to まで the meaning becomes “by”, e.g. I will finish by tomorrow.
|I will call you by 5 o’clock.|
|I will book the restaurant by Friday.|