The particle が is the grammatically correct way to form a “but” in sentences.

I want to go on holiday but I can’t take time off.
Normally I cook myself, but today I want to eat out.
It’s tough studying for exams, but please do your best.
My room is not big, but the rent is expensive.

However, it is important to note that while が can also be used with standard form sentences (all the above sentences were in the polite form), it will only be used in formal text this way, e.g. a newspaper article. In conversation the particle けど is used instead.

I can drink alcohol but don’t do so that often.

Note: あまり is used with the negative to mean “not so much” or “not too often” etc.

I didn’t really study, but somehow I managed to pass.
The stores clothes are cheap, but the quality isn’t good.

Note that the topic particle is used in the first clause in the last example. You may think we need to use が because we are connecting the noun (clothing) with the adjective “cheap” but then the topic of the sentence would be ambiguous (and would have readers wondering, “The quality of what is good?”

As for that shop’s clothing, the quality isn’t good.

We can use けど can still keep the sentence in the polite form because the final ending of the verb carries the most weight as to whether the form is polite.

That TV programme is funny, but I’m busy with work and don’t have time to watch it.

Note that for nouns and na-adjectives we need the standard form of the auxiliary verb.

That person is an accountant, but he’s no good at maths, eh?
The bullet train is convenient, but it’s expensive.
I don’t hate natto, but very rarely eat it.

Note: めった is used with the negative to express that you don’t do something very often. It has more emphasis than あまり.

In fact there are three other variations of けど: けれど, けども, and けれども. The nuance is broadly the same for all four and grammatical usage is identical. けど is the most commonly used.

My grades aren’t bad, but I could try a little harder.
My grades aren’t bad, but I could try a little harder.
My grades aren’t bad, but I could try a little harder.

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